Facts About Kilimanjaro Mountain

William

By William on December 29

Mount Kilimanjaro at a height of  5,895 metres or 19,341 feet above sea level is the highest mountain in Africa and also is the highest free-standing mountain in the world with its three volcanic cones, Kibo – the summit. The other two cones are Mawenzi and Shira. Below we have listed other  Facts about Mt. Kilimanjaro.

So how much do you know about Mt. Kilimanjaro? Maybe you’re thinking of climbing or you’ve already booked your climb, and no doubt you are focusing on all the practical aspects of your trip. You must know where is Mt Kilimanjaro, right? Here are 10 interesting facts to help inspire your own future summit:

There are many reasons why you might be drawn to climbing Kilimanjaro and the more you know about the mountain you are about to tackle (or are dreaming of tackling) the more enjoyable your experience will be. Not to mention being able to impress your friends about how much you know!

We’ve got some lesser-known facts to share about this mountain – from its geology and history to modern-day records and achievements.

If you’re looking for practical advice about how to prepare to climb Kilimanjaro, see our comprehensive guide on how to prepare, from Kilimanjaro gear to training and even how to get there!

8 Days Lemosho Route Kilimanjaro

So let’s jump right in and look at the 10 interesting facts about Mt. Kilimanjaro:

  1. Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the seven summits

Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the seven summits, which are the highest peaks on each of the seven continents. It is the highest peak in Africa and is located in Tanzania. The other six summits are Mount Everest in Asia, Aconcagua in South America, Denali in North America, Mount Elbrus in Europe, Mount Kosciuszko in Australia, and Vinson Massif in Antarctica. Reaching the summit of any of these peaks is considered a significant accomplishment for climbers. Kilimanjaro is very popular with both experienced hikers and first-time adventurers because it is considered to be the easiest of the seven summits.

  1. Kilimanjaro stands on its own.

Mount Kilimanjaro is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain, which means it is not part of a mountain range. It is located in northeastern Tanzania, near the border with Kenya. The mountain is the highest peak in Africa, standing at 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) above sea level. It is a popular destination for climbers, who come from all over the world to attempt to reach the summit. The mountain is also an important source of water for the surrounding area and is home to a diverse array of plants and animals.

  1. Three volcanic cones of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro is a stratovolcano, which means that it is composed of multiple layers of lava flows and ash deposits. The three main volcanic cones of Kilimanjaro are called Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. Kibo is the highest of the three cones and is the highest point on the mountain, with an elevation of 19,341 feet (5,895 meters) above sea level. Mawenzi and Shira are both significantly lower in elevation than Kibo, with elevations of 16,893 feet (5,149 meters) and 13,000 feet (3,962 meters) respectively.

  1. Kilimanjaro isn’t dead; it’s dormant

Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano located in Tanzania, near the border with Kenya. Kilimanjaro is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. The last recorded eruption on Kilimanjaro occurred about 360,000 years ago. It is currently considered a potentially active volcano, meaning that it could erupt again in the future, although there are no signs of an imminent eruption.

  1. First Summit: Hans Meyer and Yohani Lauwo

The first recorded person to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro was German geographer Hans Meyer, who accomplished the feat on October 6, 1889. Meyer made several attempts to climb the mountain over the course of several years before finally succeeding. He was accompanied on the final ascent by the Austrian mountaineer Ludwig Purtscheller and a local guide Yohani Kinyala Lauwo

  1. Climate Zones on Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro is known for its unique climate zones, which vary depending on the altitude of the area. At the base of the mountain, the climate is tropical, with warm temperatures and high humidity. As you climb higher, the climate becomes cooler and drier, with the summit of the mountain experiencing freezing temperatures and strong winds. The mountain is divided into five main climate zones: the cultivated zone, the forest zone, the heath and moorland zone, the alpine desert zone, and the arctic summit zone. These climate zones are determined by the altitude of the area, with each zone having its own unique characteristics and features.

  1. There are Several Routes to Summit

Kilimanjaro has several different routes that climbers can take to reach the summit. The most popular routes are the Marangu Route, the Machame Route, the Lemosho Route,the Rongai Route, and the Umbwe Route. The Marangu Route is also known as the “Coca-Cola” route because it is the easiest and most accessible of the routes. It is a popular choice for beginners and it offers basic accommodations in the form of huts along the way. The Machame Route is a more challenging route that offers beautiful scenery and a variety of climates. It is considered one of the most scenic routes on the mountain. The Rongai Route is the only route that approaches the mountain from the north, and it is a less crowded option that offers a unique experience. The Umbwe Route is the most challenging and strenuous of the routes, and it is recommended for experienced climbers only.

  1. People Live on Mount Kilimanjaro

It is not common for people to live on Mount Kilimanjaro, as the summit of the mountain is covered in snow and ice, and the conditions at high altitudes are generally inhospitable to human habitation. However, there are some small villages and settlements at the base of the mountain, where people do live. These communities are typically home to the Chagga people, who have lived in the area for generations. They rely on agriculture and tourism for their livelihoods.

  1. Deaths on Kilimanjaro

Once again, these statistics are not published by the Tanzania National Parks Authority. It’s estimated that between 3-6 people die on the mountain every year – although some sources put that figure quite a bit higher. Those that are reported in the press are usually tourist deaths, but it does happen that porters occasionally perish.

The main reason for these deaths is complications arising from altitude. But some ill-equipped porters have died from hypothermia, which is why it’s imperative to climb with an operator who takes staff welfare seriously. However, climbing any mountain can be dangerous, and it is important for climbers to be aware of the potential risks and to take appropriate precautions. This includes being properly equipped and trained, following the guidance of experienced guides and support staff, and being prepared for the challenges of high-altitude climbing. It is also important for climbers to listen to their bodies and to be prepared to turn back if they are not feeling well or if conditions on the mountain are too dangerous to continue.

  1. Glaciers on Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is home to several glaciers, which are large masses of ice that have formed over many years. These glaciers are located on the upper slopes of the mountain, at altitudes above 5,000 meters. The largest of these glaciers is the Furtwängler Glacier, which covers an area of approximately 12 square kilometres. However, the glaciers on Kilimanjaro are rapidly shrinking due to climate change, and many scientists believe that they could disappear entirely within the next few decades. This would be a significant loss for the mountain and the communities that depend on it.

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William

About the Author

William is a Tanzanian Safari and Kilimanjaro expert motivated to write about his Safari and Kilimanjaro Trekking experience because of his passion for adventures. Through his stories and articles, William sought to inspire others to experience the thrill of adventure and to appreciate the beauty of  Africa around them.

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7-Day Migration Safari with Williamson: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Experience! My friend and I had a 7-day migration safari (River Crossing) with Williamson Adventures exceeded our expectations. The captivating sights of wildebeest herds were absolutely breathtaking, a true testament to the wonders of nature. Our knowledgeable guide Raymond made the experience even more remarkable with his deep understanding of the wildlife and their behaviors. The seamless combination of the safari with a day trip to Materuni Waterfall and Coffee Tour added a perfect touch of cultural immersion. The lush greenery and the thundering waterfall were a sight to behold, and the coffee tour was enlightening. Williamson's team orchestrated a flawless journey, ensuring comfort and safety throughout. This safari was a life-changing experience, and I'm incredibly grateful to William and his team for making it so exceptional.
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Unforgettable experience in Tanzania The Ultimate Tanzanian Safari and Cultural Experience! I can't thank Williamson enough for the incredible 7-day migration safari adventure. Witnessing the Great Migration in person was an awe-inspiring spectacle, and Raymond Our Guide added an educational layer that deepened our appreciation. His passion for wildlife is contagious! The highlight was coupling this safari with a day trip to Materuni Waterfall and Coffee Tour. The waterfall's beauty left us speechless, and the coffee tour was a delightful insight into the local culture. The Accommodation during our safari experience was top notch, thank you William for organizing our trip and his team was amazing! I am going to miss Tanzania ❤️ # one of my best trip ever # amazing travel experiences # lots laughs & fun during the trip # unforgettable moments
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Incredible Safari in Tanzania We did a 5 day Incredible honeymoon safari with Williamson Adventures , we were researching good company for our safari It is our luck to go with them the communication was smooth, we exchanged so many texts until we reached the conclusion . The guide Allan was knowledgeable who knows alot about animals and plants his driving skill was exceptional on the rough road on the way to Serengeti national park , The accommodations were good during our safari we will recommend Williamson Adventures to our family and friends .
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Kilimanjaro 6 days Machame route My dad and I booked the Kilimanjaro 6 days Machame route and since the first contact with William I received all the information and help that we need and our conversation was easy. Our team at the Kilimanjaro hike was really friendly and helpful and our guides were perfect with us! Cannot recommend more I and have no words to thank enough all the team.
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2023-03-19
Er du interessert i fugleliv såvel som dyreliv prøver du Williamssons adventures med Ian som guide Er du interessert i fugleliv i tillegg til dyreliv bør du be om å få Ian som guide. Han var kunnskapsrik om både fugler, dyr, fauna og stoppa opp på alle henstillinger og svarte tålmodig på alle spørsmål. Ian var også ein flink sjåfør. Vi var i alle nasjonalparkene, Tarangire, Serengeti, Manyara og Ngorogoro conservation area. Vi var på en fire dagers safari, og lunsjboksene, frokostene og middagene var fantastiske. Likeså med overnattingsstedene. Vi ble tatt vel i mot og tatt vare på. Denne safari er ett minne for livet, og kan anbefales på det sterkeste. I tillegg til kjempemange fugler og dyr fikk vi også sett alle fem store????
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2023-02-06
Perfect Kilimanjaro trek, perfect safari, perfect Guide From the first day of emailing Williamson Adventures for a safari and Kilimanjaro quote we were answered in professional way with full of information about the tour in Tanzania.The Director William was helpful and well organized our Kilimanjaro trek and 5 days safari , we started hiking for 6 days machame , the team was very helpful and the porter were strong and friends they really supported us to carry our luggages and guide was very professional especially during the summit day we really appreciate them . After safari we went to safari where we saw many animals excluding rhino because the guide explained that they're now endangered sometimes it's hard to spot them although it was good experience, the food good and accommodation was superb with high comfortability. Thanks Williamson Adventures for making our trip unforgettable
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2023-02-02
Kilimanjaro Climb Experience! My husband and I booked 7 days Machame route Kilimanjaro mountain climb with Williamson adventures, we liked the experience from the day we started hiking up to last day at mweka camp. The tour was very organized and the team was extremely friendly . During the summit Day it's was really challenging for me but the guide and porter was really helpful and fun to be around , the food was delicious and plentiful so we really appreciate our chef , the tent were top quality and brand new so we slept in comfortable tents . I really recommend Mr William to arrange your Kilimanjaro mountain trekking if you wish to make it to the top of Kilimanjaro mountain. Best wishes from USA
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2023-01-31
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willegamba94
willegamba94
2023-01-25
7 day Kilimanjaro Climb Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro 7 days Lemosho was an experience of a lifetime. The trek to the summit was challenging, but the breathtaking views and sense of accomplishment made it all worth it. The scenery was absolutely stunning, from the lush rainforest at the base to the barren, lunar-like landscape at the summit. The guides were knowledgeable and supportive, and the porters were incredibly helpful in carrying our gear. The final summit push was grueling, but the sunrise from the top was truly unforgettable. Despite the physical demands, I would highly recommend Williamson Adventures for Kilimanjaro climb to anyone looking for a once-in-a-lifetime adventure. The sense of camaraderie among the climbers, the challenge of reaching the summit and the stunning beauty of the mountain made it an experience I will never forget.

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